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WHAT IS THE PAT?
The PAT is a research project in which you will have an opportunity to demonstrate your information management skills. You will also be required to demonstrate your ability to use the applications which you have studied during the year to produce quality outputs in the form of:
• A set of questions (See Annexure A)
• An evaluation of websites (See Annexure B)
• Ten completed survey forms (See Annexure C)
• A short report on summarising your survey findings
• An information brochure providing information on green computing
• A presentation on green computing
The PAT will be done in two phases (parts) at a time to be arranged by your teacher.
Since the PAT counts 25% of your final mark for CAT, it is vitally important that you strive to produce work of a high standard.
At the end of November 2011 South Africa hosted the COP17 conference. This conference brought environmental issues to the forefront.
There are many environmental threats associated with the use of ICTs. Computers and peripheral devices use components which contain highly toxic chemicals. Many schools and businesses make use of printers which require paper. Many computing devices need electrical energy in one of other form to operate.
Green computing is an attempt to use computers and peripheral devices in a way which does not cause harm to the environment.
Your school has demonstrated an awareness of environmental issues in the past. You have been invited to prepare an information brochure advocating green computing which can be handed out to contestants and visitors at your regional Science Fair. You have also been asked to prepare a lively and informative presentation about green computing. The school principal has decided to assign this task to the Grade 10 CAT class.
The project will need to be done in two phases (parts).
In this phase you will have to:
• Define in your own words exactly what you are required to do.
• Create a list of questions to guide your research (with the help of your class and teacher).
• Make use of the Internet to find information.
• Administer a survey (which is given to you in Annexure B) to at least 10 people.
• Make use of at least ONE other source to find information.
• Summarise the information you have found from the Internet and the other source(s).
In this phase you will have to:
• Analyse the data from your survey in a spreadsheet and summarise your findings in a short document.
• Type up the information brochure making use of good word processing techniques.
• Prepare a lively presentation suitable for display at a Science Fair.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR PART 1
This phase of the PAT consists of three sections. You are expected to hand in your own, original work. You should consult with your classmates and your teacher to ensure that your PAT is of a high standard.
DEFINE THE TASK
1. Create a suitable file structure like the one below to save your work. It is your responsibility to ensure that you keep a backup copy of all your work.
2. Create a phase 1 word processing document in which to record your work in this phase. Give the document a sensible file name such as Phase 1 Working Document. Save it in the Phase 1 folder.
3. In order to be sure that you understand why you are doing this research project, you should be able to define what you are required to do in your own words. This is called the task definition. Use the following questions to help you write your own task definition
• Why are you doing the research?
• What information do you need to find?
• Where will you find the information you need?
• Who is the information for?
• How must your information be presented?
• When must the task be completed?
ASK QUESTIONS THAT WILL GUIDE YOUR RESEARCH
4. As a class you are going to brainstorm some headings which you can use to organise your information. You will also, as a class activity, create a list of questions which can be used to guide your research.
Some suggestions to help you are
• Dealing with e-waste
o Recyling of computers
• Reducing energy consumption
o Energy efficient devices
As a class, agree on which headings and questions are appropriate.
You must now make your own selection of headings and questions. You can use ones from those which your class has suggested and/or add/use your own ones if you wish.
GATHER AND SUMMARISE INFORMATION
5. Choose at least three of the headings. For EACH heading choose questions from the list that your class prepared or add your own. Complete a table like the one in Annexure A (see the screenshot below). Start each heading on a new page of your word processing document. You are free to add your own questions if you wish. You must choose at least 10 (ten) questions. You should make use of the Internet and at least ONE other source.
FIGURE 1: EXAMPLE OF TABLE IN ANNEXURE A
6. For each Internet source complete the table like the one in Annexure B. You may not copy and paste any information from the websites into your phase 1 document. If you do, you will not earn any marks for this section of the task. A list of possible websites is given in Annexure C.
Save a copy of each website in the Saved Websites folder.
FIGURE 2: EXAMPLE OF TABLE IN ANNEXURE B
7. For the other source(s) make a summary of the information you have found on a new page of your phase 1 document. As part of the summary, record all the information you need to create a list of references. Make sure that you have evidence of the source(s) you used.
8. Your teacher will provide you with ten copies of the survey (see Annexure D). Hand the surveys out to at least ten people. Collect them in when they have been completed and file them in a safe place.
Once you have completed this part of the project, submit your entire PAT folder to your teacher. You must also hand in a file or plastic sleeve containing your completed surveys as well as any other evidence which could not be saved electronically.
The following should be in your Phase 1 folder:
• A single document typed in a word processor with
o Your task description
o A table (Annexure A) for each of the three headings you chose
o Annexure B completed for the websites you used
o A summary of any other evidence which you have recorded.
Your teacher will give you the date on which to submit your work for assessment.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR PHASE 2
There are four parts to this phase.
• Analyse the survey results in a spreadsheet.
• Summarise the survey results in a short report using a word processor.
• Type the information brochure using a word processor.
• Prepare a presentation using a presentation program such as PowerPoint or Impress.
ANALYSE SURVEY DATA
1. Analyse your survey results in a spreadsheet.
• Capture the survey results in a suitable format.
o Your teacher will give guidance as to how to do this.
• Make use of suitable formatting to ensure that anybody will easily be able to interpret the results.
o Make use of formatting features such as colour, borders, word wrap and font styles.
o Make sure that column and/or row headings are formatted differently to other data.
• Make use of formulae and/or functions to summarise the results.
o You might want to find out about the COUNTIF() function
• Use a column/bar graph or a pie chart in your spreadsheet program to
o Illustrate a summary of your survey data graphically.
You should have a least ONE graph, although more would be useful.
o You should be able to use these graphs in your fact sheet and presentation.
o Apply what you have learned in Mathematics when creating the graphs.
2. Summarise the information found from the spreadsheet in a short report.
• The graph you have created should be used in your report.
• Your report should have a cover page.
3. Save the spreadsheet and report in your Phase 2 folder. Make sure that you use a meaningful file names such as Survey Analysis and Survey Summary.
1. Using a template available on your word processor to create a tri-fold information brochure. (Your teacher might have to download the template from the Internet for you). Save this document in the Phase 2 folder using a meaningful file name such as Green Computing Information Brochure.
2. Apply your word processing skills you have learned during the year to produce a quality document. Take note of the style guide – see Annexure E.
3. Your information brochure must consist of the following
• The outside centre panel where you provide contact information for your school
• One outside panel should be an eye catching cover (the panel which you see when the brochure is folded.
• You may use the third outside panel in any way you wish related to the topic. This is an opportunity to be creative.
• The three inside panels should make use of the information you gleaned in Phase 1. Each heading should be summarised on a separate panel.
o Summarise the information you found in Phase 1.
o The information you give MUST be written in your own words.
o Do NOT copy and paste large chunks of text directly from the Internet. Plagiarism is totally unacceptable.
• If you have more than three headings you may add them to the three inside panels.
• Insert meaningful graphics and/or graphs into the document.
o The graphics and/or graphs must add value to the document.
o Graphics obtained from the Internet must be acknowledged.
1. Create a presentation in your presentation program. Save it in your Phase 2 folder making use of a meaningful file name such as Green Computing.
2. Your presentation should have at least the following slides
• A title slide
• A contents slide
• Heading 1 from phase 1
• Heading 2 from phase 1
• Heading 3 from phase 1
• Tips for green computing in the home and school
3. The presentation should be a summary. Large amounts of text are not required. You should not simply copy and paste what you did in the fact sheet into the presentation. You will be penalised heavily for doing this.
• Make sure that your presentation has a consistent appearance.
• Similar elements on a slide such as headings should be formatted in the same way.
• Slides should have the same background.
4. Add graphics and/or graphs where appropriate.
5. Choose an appropriate transition effect and apply it to all slides except the title slide.
6. Apply appropriate animations to no more than one element on each slide.
• It is not considered good style to animate headings.
• Remember that the presentation is going to be used in class by a teacher, so make sure that the animations you choose do not distract learners.
• The presentation should be set up so that it will run continuously on a computer set up at the Science Fair. Ensure that the timings used allow viewers adequate time to read the information on each slide.
Once you have completed this part of the project, submit your entire folder to your teacher. Make sure that the spreadsheet, fact sheet and presentation are saved correctly. You must also hand in the file containing the completed surveys as well as any other evidence you have collected. Your teacher will give you the date on which to submit your work for assessment.
You should have completed and submitted this project before you start you end of year examinations.
Title of websiteAuthor or publisher of siteURLDate last updatedBrief summary (in own words) of information on the siteTrustworthy?
POSSIBLE WEBSITES FOR GRADE 10 PAT 2011
Website titleURLGreen Computinghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_computing
eWaste recycling in South Africahttp://blog.engineersimplicity.com/2009/01/ewaste-recycling-in-south-africa.html
ECYLE Electronic Recylinghttp://www.ecycle.co.za/
Paperless office still a fairytalehttp://www.itweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=41927:paperless-office-still-a-fairytale&catid=272
It would be appreciated if you would take the time to complete this survey. The information will be treated confidentially. You do not have to supply your name.
Write your answer in the space provided.
Gender: ___________ (M for male, F for female)
Age: ___________ (In years)
Awareness of Green Computing.
Answer 1 for Yes and 2 for No.
Have you heard of green computing? 0
Do you practice green computing? 0
Do you have a computer at home? 0
Answer the next question only if you answered “Yes” for the previous question
Do you leave your home computer running all day? 0
Electronic waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices such as cellular phones and computers.
Have you or your family ever put an electronic device in the trash? 0
Are you aware of any company in your neighbourhood which recycles
electronic waste? 0
If “Yes”, name the company. ________________________________
Thank you for completing this survey.
STYLE GUIDE FOR WORD PROCESSING DOCUMENTS
• Text should be centred both vertically and horizontally on the page
• Text should be typed using a font size of about 20 pt.
• This should be the only page on which you make use of a page border.
• Do NOT use Word Art/Text Art.
• Font size should be 16 to 18 pt.
• Use a sans serif font such as Arial or Comic Sans for headings.
• Make use of font styles, colour and paragraph spacing to ensure that headings stand out clearly from other text.
• Use a serif font such as Times New Roman or Cambria.
• Font size should be no larger than 12 pt and no smaller than 10 pt.
• Use word processing functions to add page numbers.
• Make use of page breaks to start new pages.
• Use the built-in heading styles feature so that all headings are formatted in the same way as other headings.
• Use the built-in styles feature so that all body text is formatted in a consistent way. Body text should be different to headings.
• Make use of tools such as the Format Painter/Paintbrush to speed up your work.